1. Bhai Mati Das Ji
Bhai Mati Das is still remembered as one of the greatest martyrs in the Sikh history. He was executed by the Qazi (Judge of the Shari’a court) because of raising voice against the atrocities done by Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb on the Hindus of Kashmir, called Kashmiri Pandits.
Mati Das was tortured by tying him between two posts. He was inquired as to whether he had any last words, to which Mati Das replied, “I ask for just to let me turn my head in the direction of my Guru as I am executed.” Two killers set a twofold saw on his head. Mati Das gently articulated “Ek Onkar” and began reciting the Japji Sahib, a great morning prayer of the Sikhs. It is said that as his body was being sawn into two, the Japji kept on reciting until it was all over.